3D Solid Mechanics¶

[1]:

from netgen.occ import *
from netgen.webgui import Draw as DrawGeo
import ngsolve

[2]:

box = Box((0,0,0), (3,0.6,1))
box.faces.name="outer"
cyl = sum( [Cylinder((0.5+i,0,0.5), Y, 0.25,0.8) for i in range(3)] )
cyl.faces.name="cyl"
geo = box-cyl

DrawGeo(geo);


find edges between box and cylinder, and build chamfers (requires OCC 7.4 or newer):

[3]:

cylboxedges = geo.faces["outer"].edges * geo.faces["cyl"].edges
cylboxedges.name = "cylbox"
geo = geo.MakeChamfer(cylboxedges, 0.03)


name faces for boundary conditions:

[4]:

geo.faces.Min(X).name = "fix"
geo.faces.Max(X).name = "force"

DrawGeo(geo);

[5]:

from ngsolve import *
from ngsolve.webgui import Draw
mesh = Mesh(OCCGeometry(geo).GenerateMesh(maxh=0.1)).Curve(3)
Draw (mesh);


Linear elasticity¶

Displacement: $$u : \Omega \rightarrow R^3$$

Linear strain:

$\varepsilon(u) := \tfrac{1}{2} ( \nabla u + (\nabla u)^T )$

Stress by Hooke’s law:

$\sigma = 2 \mu \varepsilon + \lambda \operatorname{tr} \varepsilon I$

Equilibrium of forces:

$\operatorname{div} \sigma = f$

Displacement boundary conditions:

$u = u_D \qquad \text{on} \, \Gamma_D$

Traction boundary conditions:

$\sigma n = g \qquad \text{on} \, \Gamma_N$

Variational formulation:¶

Find: $$u \in H^1(\Omega)^3$$ such that $$u = u_D$$ on $$\Gamma_D$$

$\int_\Omega \sigma(\varepsilon(u)) : \varepsilon(v) \, dx = \int_\Omega f v dx + \int_{\Gamma_N} g v ds$

holds for all $$v = 0$$ on $$\Gamma_D$$.

[6]:

E, nu = 210, 0.2
mu  = E / 2 / (1+nu)
lam = E * nu / ((1+nu)*(1-2*nu))

def Stress(strain):
return 2*mu*strain + lam*Trace(strain)*Id(3)

[7]:

fes = VectorH1(mesh, order=3, dirichlet="fix")
u,v = fes.TnT()
gfu = GridFunction(fes)

pre = Preconditioner(a, "bddc")
a.Assemble()

[8]:

force = CF( (1e-3,0,0) )
f = LinearForm(force*v*ds("force")).Assemble()

[9]:

from ngsolve.krylovspace import CGSolver
inv = CGSolver(a.mat, pre, printrates=True, tol=1e-8)
gfu.vec.data = inv * f.vec

CG iteration 1, residual = 0.00017982731508198063
CG iteration 2, residual = 7.527505823605016e-05
CG iteration 3, residual = 8.667360647586873e-05
CG iteration 4, residual = 6.611763953432775e-05
CG iteration 5, residual = 6.0095304950833594e-05
CG iteration 6, residual = 4.240151181641355e-05
CG iteration 7, residual = 3.174659664109266e-05
CG iteration 8, residual = 2.700717685976369e-05
CG iteration 9, residual = 2.009349907075433e-05
CG iteration 10, residual = 1.6202784652567376e-05
CG iteration 11, residual = 1.116424103583494e-05
CG iteration 12, residual = 8.707361209404812e-06
CG iteration 13, residual = 6.263300218968333e-06
CG iteration 14, residual = 4.827662227893108e-06
CG iteration 15, residual = 3.504830182391221e-06
CG iteration 16, residual = 2.674487250730751e-06
CG iteration 17, residual = 1.9959626253863977e-06
CG iteration 18, residual = 1.4173939614999711e-06
CG iteration 19, residual = 1.0735929420644963e-06
CG iteration 20, residual = 7.342807879182052e-07
CG iteration 21, residual = 6.364131834885725e-07
CG iteration 22, residual = 4.1303078290587084e-07
CG iteration 23, residual = 3.667583721050702e-07
CG iteration 24, residual = 2.594249463651806e-07
CG iteration 25, residual = 1.8056292944592214e-07
CG iteration 26, residual = 1.3642541682196925e-07
CG iteration 27, residual = 9.965383340157389e-08
CG iteration 28, residual = 7.638450216780142e-08
CG iteration 29, residual = 5.282418030039646e-08
CG iteration 30, residual = 4.016696599502595e-08
CG iteration 31, residual = 2.8530509651532235e-08
CG iteration 32, residual = 2.171386098777417e-08
CG iteration 33, residual = 1.6955931220410534e-08
CG iteration 34, residual = 1.1309617391619865e-08
CG iteration 35, residual = 8.114589692923541e-09
CG iteration 36, residual = 5.8518862398015754e-09
CG iteration 37, residual = 4.026669352083825e-09
CG iteration 38, residual = 3.061722093983495e-09
CG iteration 39, residual = 2.52439785220903e-09
CG iteration 40, residual = 1.6419926682698878e-09
CG iteration 41, residual = 1.1584723325225717e-09
CG iteration 42, residual = 9.16535219993635e-10
CG iteration 43, residual = 6.360495604042284e-10
CG iteration 44, residual = 4.142065999390163e-10
CG iteration 45, residual = 3.714876764567534e-10
CG iteration 46, residual = 2.832373017385124e-10
CG iteration 47, residual = 1.931171866268079e-10
CG iteration 48, residual = 1.4829191743659358e-10
CG iteration 49, residual = 1.2555344435283003e-10
CG iteration 50, residual = 9.203569288884034e-11
CG iteration 51, residual = 6.546704481122534e-11
CG iteration 52, residual = 4.1277279165763813e-11
CG iteration 53, residual = 3.096157834435778e-11
CG iteration 54, residual = 2.025610666119583e-11
CG iteration 55, residual = 1.5070684832480805e-11
CG iteration 56, residual = 1.1829537750044754e-11
CG iteration 57, residual = 7.406491090318171e-12
CG iteration 58, residual = 5.294034647512592e-12
CG iteration 59, residual = 3.453258762408798e-12
CG iteration 60, residual = 2.3826075929626708e-12
CG iteration 61, residual = 1.597414655692619e-12

[10]:

with TaskManager():
fesstress = MatrixValued(H1(mesh,order=3), symmetric=True)
gfstress = GridFunction(fesstress)

[11]:

Draw (5e4*gfu, mesh);

[12]:

Draw (Norm(gfstress), mesh, deformation=1e4*gfu, draw_vol=False, order=3);

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